Sunday, August 4, 2013

Chicken Breed Selection

The Plan
I grew up raising chickens and other poultry and showing them in 4H, so I was excited when I convinced my wife that we should raise some chickens in Juneau. We wanted the eggs and we knew our children would enjoy them as well.

The weather in Juneau tends to be mild with summers averaging  64°F and the winters hover right around 32°F with some dips into the minus teens. This is no problem for chickens. The one issue we have is the high humidity. People say Fairbanks is cold, but it’s a dry cold. Well, Juneau is a WET cold. Typical winter weather is an inch or two of snow overnight, when the temp drops below freezing, then it warms up to 34°F and turns to rain during the day. A break from the rain and clouds comes when cold arctic air moves in and we drop in temperature, but get to see the sun.

All this rain and snow means that a chicken living in Juneau needs to put on a good layer of fat and have adequate feathers to resist being damp a lot of the time. A heated coop is nice, but chickens will still want to venture out and need to be able to cope with the wet stuff.

With this in mind we started looking at heavy breads because of their good laying abilities but also for their cold weather resistance, smaller comb and good feathering. A leghorn would be miserable in Juneau and likely suffer frost bite on its large comb and wattles.

Selecting Breeds
I've raised Barred Rocks in the past and found them to be good layers and friendly chickens, but I wanted to try something a little different so we looked at the Partridge Rock. Only different in its coloring it was just what I was looking for. This bird will lay brown eggs.

Partridge Rock Hen - Courtesy of Murray McMurray Hatchery

My wife liked the looks of the Silver Laced Wyandottes. These are also known to be docile and lay brown eggs.

Silver Laced Wyandottes - Courtesy of Murray McMurray Hatchery
Juneau’s city ordinances allow for 3-6 chickens but no roosters, based on your zoning (more on this later) so we could have 6 chickens where we live in the heart of the Mendenhall Valley. We decided to order 3 Partridge Rocks and 3 Silver Laced Wyandottes. Murray McMurray Hatchery has a great selection of birds so we started looking at our options. They’re known for breeding strong, healthy birds and they don’t flinch at shipping to Alaska, so they were the natural choice. The only hurtle was the minimum shipping quantity of 25 chicks. Ordering 4 times as many birds as we were allowed to keep meant we had to spread the word around town to find homes for the extras.

We posted notices on Facebook and Craigslist and were excited to see that we had more than enough interest. Other folks wanted Buff Orpingtons and Barred Rocks so we placed the order for 25 pullets (female chicks). MMH offers an additional surprise chick if you order 25 or more, so we took them up on their offer. We were excited to see what we’d receive. We also had them vaccinated for Marek’s disease and Coccidiosis just in case. MMH hatches chicks early in the morning and rush them to the post office so they make it to you before they reach 3 days old.

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